Zeidan, Boechat, and Fleury (2015)
Zeidan, Rodrigo, Claudio Boechat, and Angela Fleury. “Developing a Sustainability Credit Score System.” Journal of Business Ethics, March 2015.
From the authors' abstract: "We present a credit score system based on sustainability issues, which is used as criteria to improve financial institutions’ lending policies. The Sustainability Credit Score System (SCSS) is based on the analytic hierarchy process methodology. Its first implementation is on the agricultural industry in Brazil. Three different firm development paths are identified: business as usual, sustainable business, and future sustainable business. The following six dimensions are present in the SCSS: economic growth, environmental protection, social progress, socio-economic development, eco-efficiency, and socio-environmental development. The results suggest that sustainability is not inversely related to profit either from a short- or long-term perspective."